1What therefore do [we] say that Abraham, our forefather according to flesh, has found?indirect statement using accusative + infinitive constructionsome manuscripts: that Abraham, our father according to flesh, has found?; others: [about] Abraham, our forefather according to flesh?; others: [about] Abraham, our father according to flesh? 2For if Abraham out of works was justified [on a particular occasion], [he] has a boast, but not before God. 3For what does the writingi.e., Scripture say? “But Abraham believed God [on a particular occasion] and [it] was calculatedhere, and throughout, (counted) for him unto justice.”here, and throughout, (righteousness)Genesis 15:6; cf. Galatians 3:6; James 2:23 4cf. Romans 11:6But on the other hand, to the [one] working, the pay is not calculated according to grace, but according to debt, 5but to the [one] not working, but rather believing upon the [one] justifying the ungodly, his beliefhere, and throughout, (faith) is calculated unto justice; 6exactly as-περ strengthens καθά, which normally means “just as” David saysPsalm 32:1-2 [about] the blessing of the person to whom God calculates justice separate from works, 7“Blessed [are they] whose lawlessnesses were sent away and whose sins were covered up [on a particular occasion]; 8blessed [is the] man whose sin the lord [absolutely] will not countοὐ μὴ + future indicative is an emphatic denial, so this could also be translated will never count/calculate.” 9[Is] this blessing, therefore, upon [only] the circumcision, or also upon the uncircumcision? For we say, “Belief was calculated for Abraham unto justice.”cf. verse 3 above 10How therefore was it calculated? To [him] being in the circumcision, or in uncircumcision? Not in circumcision but in uncircumcision; 11and he took the mark of circumcision as a seal(sign); lit. signet of the justice of belief, the belief [while] in uncircumcision,cf. Genesis 17:10-11 in order that he may behere and in the next clause, εἰς + accusative + infinitive purpose clause a father of all the [ones] believing through uncircumcision, in order that justice may be calculated [on a particular occasion] for them [also],some manuscripts omit 12and [in order that he may be] a father of the circumcisedlit. circumcision, for the [ones] not [included] out of circumcision only, but also for them being in line with the footsteps of the belief of our father Abraham, [the belief he had while] in uncircumcision.
13For not through [the] law [did] the promiselit. command, summons (as in court) [come] to Abraham or to his seed,cf. Galatians 3:29 that he is the heir of [the] cosmos,cf. Genesis 18:18; 22:17-18 but through [the] justice of belief. 14cf. Galatians 3:18For if the heirs [are heirs] out of [the] law, the belief has been emptied and the promise has been abolished;lit. left unused 15for the law works at(achieves by labor) wrath;lit. impulse but on the other hand,some manuscripts: for where there is not a law, neither [is there] an overstepping.cf. Romans 3:20; 5:13; 7:8 16On account of this, [justice is] from belief, in order that [it may be]ἴνα + implied subjunctive verb ᾖ purpose clause according to grace, in order that the promise may beεἰς + accusative + infinitive purpose clause steady(firm / sure / certain) for every seed, not only for the [one] from the law, but also for the [one] from [the] belief of Abraham,indeclinable transliteration of Hebrew, so genitive case is assumed; with its placement, it could hypothetically also modify νόμου, the law, and σπέρματι, the seed who is a father of us all,cf. Galatians 3:7 17just as [it] is writtenGenesis 17:5 that “I have put you as a father of many nations,” beforelit. opposite [the one] in whom [he] believed [on a particular occasion], God, the [one] making the dead alive and calling the [things] not being as being;cf. Isaiah 48:13 18who believed beyond hope upon hope in order that he may becomeεἰς + accusative + infinitive purpose clause “a father of many nations” according to the word,lit. the [thing] having been said “Thus will be your seed,”cf. Genesis 15:5 19and not having been weak [on a particular occasion] in belief, [he] consideredsome manuscripts: did not consider his own flesh having [already] been made dead, [since he was] existing about one hundred years,cf. Genesis 17:17 and [he considered] the death of the womb [of] Sarah;like Ἀβραάμ, Σάρρας is an indeclinable transliteration of Hebrew; genitive case is assumed by context 20but [he] did not waverlit. was not thoroughly separated [on any particular occasion] to unbelief unto the promise of God, but [he] was empowered with belief, having given[on a particular occasion] glory to God 21and having been fully satisfied[on a particular occasion] that the [one] powerful to promise is also [powerful] to do.(make / enact) 22Wherefore [also]some manuscripts omit “[it] was calculated for him unto justice.”cf. verse 3 above 23But [it] was not written on his account only, [i.e.,] that [it] was calculated for him, 24but also on our account,cf. Romans 15:4 for whom [it] is destined to be calculated, for the [ones] [of us] believing upon the [one] having roused Jesus our Lord out of [the] dead,cf. I Peter 1:21 25who was handed over [on a particular occasion] on account of our blunders(missteps)cf. Isaiah 53:4-5 and was roused(awoke) [on a particular occasion] on account of our justification.cf. I Corinthians 15:17